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¿POR QUÉ ARGELIA TIENE ENVIDIA DE MARRUECOS? Dr. Mario H. Concha Vergara, PhD. – Ex Primer Presidente del Centro Chileno de Estudios del Magreb – Docente – Chile

Tribuna infomarruecos.ma

 

Los países demócratas deben movilizarse por la paz interna y externa de Argelia pues su actual situación hace peligrar la estabilidad del Magreb

Marruecos nos legó parte de la lengua castellana; gracias a este país tenemos más de 4 mil vocablos derivados del árabe en nuestro idioma; por ejemplo: aceite, almohada, baño, barrio, bata, bellota, chisme, alcohol, daga, diván, dante, elixir, engarzar, escaque,  faquir, farda, gabán, gandul,  hazaña, hasta, café, jirafa, limón, aceite, berenjena, zanahoria; etcétera. Pero, no solo la lengua sino que los avances en medicina, matemáticas y astronomía, arquitectura,  entre otros fueron legado marroquí a la península ibérica que a su vez se transformó en un legado a Latinoamérica, Estado Unidos, Andorra, Argelia, Brasil, Trinidad y Tobago, Australia, Canadá, Islas Vírgenes (EE.UU.), Noruega, Sáhara Occidental Filipinas, países en que parte importante de su población habla castellano (español).

Tuve la suerte de visitar Marruecos y el Sahara Marroquí y hablar castellano con hombres y mujeres, incluso con ex presos políticos del Polisario que habían escapado luego de años de torturas de los campamentos en Argelia. Conviví con docentes universitarios que hablaban perfecto castellano. La verdad es que en Marruecos me encontré, así como mis acompañantes del Centro Chileno de Estudios del Magreb, actualmente Centro de Estudios  Latinoamericanos del Magreb, del cual fui su primer Presidente, ante un abanico de culturas y civilizaciones tanto europeas como asiáticas y obviamente africanas, así como un crisol de religiones con la religión mahometana  predominante en más de un 80% de la población; sin embargo, bajo la conducción del Rey Mohamed VI el país respeta a todas la religiones, las cuales son permitidas, y a todos los partidos políticos democráticos.

Tanto en el Sahara Occidental (marroquí) como en Rabat, pudimos reunirnos con miembros de las organizaciones de DD.HH. con quienes hubo gran entendimiento y acuerdos y, hubo diferencias en cuanto al trato que tenían con las personas lesbianas, gay, bisexual, transgénero o intersexual (LGTBI), y solamente Juan Carlos Moraga, director de DD.HH. Sin Fronteras, quien participó de dicha reunión, no estuvo de acuerdo con los dirigentes marroquíes al igual que lo hace actualmente Amnesty International.

Argelia, el vecino país del Magreb que acoge a los miembros del Frente Polisario acusa a Marruecos de irrespetar los DD.HH. siendo el último en poder hablar de derechos humanos en especial de los saharauis, en donde pudimos visitar a sus autoridades y convivir con su pueblo en las diversas ciudades. Es Argelia, el violador de los derechos de decenas de miles de saharauis y argelinos que llevan 46 años en su territorio sin derechos y ni siquiera conocen su estatus legal debido a una dictadura militar que incluso asesinó a los líderes de su independencia.

 Muchos saharauis tienen en los campamentos del Tinduf  no tienen estatus legal pues está suspendido durante décadas, y no pueden obtener documentos de identificación que acrediten su estatus legal en suelo argelino, se han convertido seres “nadie”. No son refugiados con cédula de refugiado, ni inmigrantes extranjeros con tarjeta de residencia, ni son ciudadanos de alguna nacionalidad. Tal situación los convirtió en rehenes y vulnerables a la explotación y violación de todos los derechos derivados del estado argelino, que los acoge pues: No pueden moverse libremente dentro del país argelino, no pueden trabajar en el sector público o privado argelino, no tienen derecho a poseer ni adquirir propiedades en suelo argelino, están siendo reclutados y militarizados, entrenados y armados por el Polisario, en contra de su voluntad, por lo cual no tienen derecho a opinión.

Un miembro de la etnia saharaui dice: “el crimen en curso de deportarme de los campos y separarme de mi familia debido a mi lucidez de autogobierno como una solución al conflicto del Sahara es un testimonio vívido de la falsedad de las afirmaciones de Argelia de que apoya la autodeterminación de los saharauis o que respeta sus derechos humanos”. Otro ex preso político en los campos del Polisario me dijo “fui torturado por 4 años por no aceptar sus políticas” y me mostró las cicatrices de su cuerpo producto de las torturas.

Mustapha Tossa, conocido politólogo, opina que “la comunidad internacional debe acudir en ayuda del pueblo argelino secuestrado por un régimen incendiario que comienza a aparecer, en el transcurso de los acontecimientos, bajo la apariencia de un peligro real para la paz civil Argelina y regional”.

Como he informado en artículos y crónicas anteriores, el ejército argelino, ha mantenido el poder real en Argelia más de 45 años, aumentando cada vez más  su represión para silenciar las continuas  protestas políticas, en especial las que se realizaron durante  el segundo aniversario del lanzamiento del Hirak argelino,   “el gran temor de los argelinos consiste en aspirar a manifestarse pacíficamente por sus derechos políticos y económicos es ver que este régimen prefiere sumergir al país en una guerra civil antes de ceder una parte de su poder”, afirma Mustapha Tossa en un análisis bajo el título ”Argelia, el régimen pirómano” . . .

Argelia para cubrir sus problemas internos adopta la postura del avestruz escondiendo la cabeza bajo tierra y creando enemigos inexistentes su estrategia es desviar la atención interna hacia enemigos externos siendo sus enemigos tan virtuales como un juego de guerra en Internet. De esta manera, creyendo que su pueblo es bobo trata de crear una unión en torno a su política y hacer imprescindible su mantenimiento en el poder. Ahora que Estados Unidos y numerosas naciones han reconocido al Sahara Occidental como marroquí  ha sumado a más enemigos. Sus aliados, todos tan pobres y míseros como ella, por ejemplo Venezuela que es una dictadura retrograda con más de 5 millones de seres que han abandonado el país en busca de trabajo, medicinas, y alimentos.

“Argelia es una prisión a cielo abierto”, una “dictadura 4.0”, que apoya el islamismo radical. Un estado cómplice donde las violaciones de los derechos humanos a minorías como los amazigh o los mozabíes bereberes considerados ciudadanos de segunda y su patrimonio cultural son una realidad, escribió Beth Daley editora del periódico The Conversation; también, su prensa y TV, y sus líderes llevan a cabo diariamente una  campaña de denigración de gran bajeza contra las instituciones de Marruecos.

Argelia se está transformando en un verdadero peligro para la paz que se está logrando de crear en el Magreb gracias a Su Majestad Mohamed VI. Es muy posible que Argelia caiga en una guerra fratricida, al peor estilo de otros países de la región y que se creen olas de refugiados que pondrían en peligro la estabilidad del Magreb. Muchos países del mundo, en Latinoamérica, Europa, EE.UU., Asia y Oceanía temen que haya allí en la zona una escalada de violencia sin parangón, llamando a los embajadores argelinos a informar sobre la verdad de lo que sucede en el país.

La comunidad internacional que se está movilizando por Venezuela, Siria, Corea del Norte, Irak e Irán, debe considerar firmemente en movilizarse por la paz interna y externa de Argelia exigiéndoles a sus líderes respetar el derecho a democracia de sus habitantes y el respeto a sus creencias. Argelia durante decenas de años a actuado con total autismo político, usando el autoritarismo de la manera más perversa que puede en contra de sus ciudadanos, tal como lo hace Venezuela y Corea del Norte.

La envidia carcome al régimen argelino en contra de los logros marroquíes. Por ejemplo el éxito de la campaña nacional de vacunación contra el COVID-19, que avanza considerablemente con más de dos millones de ciudadanos ya vacunados, lo que ha situado a Marruecos en el primer lugar en África en cuanto al número de personas vacunadas ocupando el 15º lugar del mundo en cuanto a número de personas vacunadas.

También envidian el clima positivo que reinó durante el diálogo entre los partidos políticos y Su Majestad Mohamed VI quien, además, en Consejo de Ministros presidido por Su Majestad el Rey, quien no en vano es considerado “El rey de los pobres”, del proyecto de ley marco relativo a la protección social, con obras directas con vista a mejorar las condiciones de vida de los ciudadanos y, en particular, la protección de las categorías vulnerables.

 

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