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Tánger/Desde ayer: Med II en acción

Marruecos en marcha

9 millones de contenedores de capacidad a plazo

Una inversión de más de 26 mil millones de DH para la extensión

4.2 millones de capacidad adicional para el primer terminal automatizado en África

SAR el Príncipe Heredero Mulay El Hassan inauguró, como ya les damos cuenta, ayer de Tánger Med II. El puerto cuyos trabajos finalizaron en 2018 estaba en fase de prueba en los últimos meses, para desarrollar el equipo del que ya se presentó como la primera plataforma automatizada en el continente africano. Instalados en un búnker a unos cientos de metros de las grúas, los operadores pueden ordenarlos con joystick en un ambiente acogedor. Una situación que contrasta con la de los conductores de grúas de generaciones anteriores.

Este equipo futurista, equipado con un sistema de doble elevación, triplicará la capacidad actual del complejo portuario y llegará a los 8.5 millones de contenedores, eventualmente. El puerto, para el cual se asignó un primer tramo a APM Terminales, permitirá a Tánger y a Marruecos consolidar su posición como plataforma de referencia marítima en la región, además de ser un centro inevitable para el comercio marítimo internacional.

La extensión, cuya entrada en servicio es inminente, permitirá que el complejo portuario Tánger Med se convierta en una potencia regional en el transporte en contenedores.

La historia comienza en 2010, cuando se lanzó la decisión de lanzar la extensión del complejo portuario Tánger Med. El comercio marítimo estaba en crisis en quél momento y los principales actores en el mundo portuario habían comenzado a reducir sus velas. Marruecos anticipó el fin de la crisis y preparó el terreno con el lanzamiento de las obras de infraestructura de la extensión. A partir de 2014, las dos primeras terminales del complejo portuario comenzaron a saturarse y se hizo urgente acelerar el ritmo de implementación de Tánger Med II. Una vez que pasó la tormenta, Tánger Med tuvo una ventaja en los puertos competidores de la región, Algeciras en este caso, lo que permitió negociar y firmar el acuerdo en 2016 con APM Terminales.

Hoy en día, la nueva terminal, llamada TC4, tiene una longitud de 1,600 m y una capacidad total de 4.2 millones de contenedores estándar por año. El contrato de concesión se extiende por más de 30 años. La inversión es grande, con 758 millones de euros, aproximadamente 8.2 billones de DH, que se suma a la inversión para obras marítimas y un total de 10 billones de DH para APM Terminales.

En total, las inversiones para Tánger Med II alcanzaron los 26 billones de DH, de los cuales 14 billones de DH por la Agencia de Tánger Med y 12 billones de DH por los distribuidores.

N cuanto al monto financiado de infraestructura, superestructuras y equipos de gestión de terminales, se planea una extensión como parte del programa. Cubre una plataforma de 400 metros, una capacidad adicional de 1 millón de contenedores.

APM Terminales, un operador portuario internacional líder, es parte de AP Moller Maersk Group, el mayor armador del mundo. APM Terminales también es el operador líder de terminales portuarias en África con 12 terminales operacionales en 10 países y 3 terminales en construcción. La joya de la corona es el Maasvlakte II, un terminal automatizado inaugurado en 2015 en Holanda. Este es el puerto de Rotterdam, uno de los mayores del mundo con una extensión de aproximadamente 167 hectáreas y un tráfico de 12 millones de contenedores por año.

Para APM, este es un verdadero desafío ya que es la primera terminal automatizada en el continente africano. Esto reducirá los tiempos de espera de los buques y aumentará la productividad de la planta. Su diagrama se basa en las soluciones puestas en marcha en la terminal de APM Maasvlakte II en Rotterdam.

El TC4 complementará otras plataformas operadas bajo Tánger Med I. Es el caso del primer muelle, el TC1 también operado por APM Terminales. Con una longitud de 800 metros, entró en servicio tras la inauguración real del complejo Tánger Med en 2007. La inversión realizada en ese momento fue de casi 1.800 millones de DH. Le siguió un segundo muelle concedido a la empresa Eurogate de tamaño y capacidad similares, que entró en servicio en 2008.

 El último en aparecer será el TC3, cuya concesión ha sido otorgada a Marsa Marruecos. Este muelle compartirá el largo puerto de Tánger Med II al operar una plataforma de 800 metros con una capacidad de 1.3 millones de contenedores. Entrará en servicio en el 2020.

Original de L’Economiste

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