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Uno de los más antiguos de la ciudad: El Barrio judío o Al Mellah de Tetuán

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   El barrio judío, o Al-Mallah es uno de los barrios más antiguos de Tetuán. Fue construido en 1808, como el último barrio construido dentro de la ciudad vieja, en un lugar que el sultán les dio a los judíos para construir su vecindario.

   Tetuán era un paraíso para los judíos que huían de la Inquisición española y que se habían establecido antes de trasladarse al lugar conocido como Al Mellah. El número de judíos en la ciudad en 1860 alcanzó casi 10.000, pero este número disminuyó por varias razones, llegando en 1913 a 4.250 personas.

   Tetuán tuvo durante cinco siglos la mayor comunidad judía de origen sefardí de Marruecos, donde también se establecieron en ciudades del norte como Tánger, Asilah o Alcazarquivir.

   Ya desde el siglo XV empezaron las migraciones de judíos del antiguo reino nazarí de Granada y posteriormente los expulsados de Castilla y Aragón. 

   A comienzos del siglo XIX se edificó la actual Mellah, que se encuentra junto al Feddan (hoy Plaza Hassan II), al que daba entrada al sur de la Medina Bab Remuz, conocida como la Puerta de Luneta por dar acceso a la calle el mismo nombre. 

   La Mellah llegó a tener nada menos que 16 sinagogas, lo que nos da una idea de la importancia que tuvo el barrio.


La antigua sinagoga de Bengualid, construida en el siglo XV con la refundición de la ciudad por Sidi Mandri, y que lleva el nombre de un rabino jefe del Tribunal rabínico de Tetuán del siglo XIX, fue la última en cerrar, en los años 70 del siglo XX. 

   La familia propietaria llegó a un acuerdo para que se muestre como museo y fue rehabilitada al amparo de un programa de cooperación con la Junta de Andalucía.

   La judería de Tetuán, ha sido siempre uno de los lugares más significativos de la historia de los judíos del norte de Marruecos.

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